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Perasian Projek Rintis

 

The Biofuel Industry in Malaysia started in the 1980s. Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB) started the R&D of biodiesel from palm oil and its products.

Laboratory-scale research started after the R&D laboratory was successfully established in 1982. In July 1983 the Palm Biodiesel Steering Committee was formed under the Ministry of Primary Industries - KPU (now known as the Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities - MPIC) to oversee the direction and research and development programs of palm biodiesel. 

MPOB developed a pilot plant in 1985 in collaboration with PETRONAS to produce biofuel from palm-based. The first palm biodiesel pilot plant in the world in 2 November 1986 was launched by YAB Dr Mahathir Mohamad, Prime Minister of Malaysia. 

Palm biodiesel (Palm Methyl Ester) was produced for engine research and field research for 8 years from 1986 to 1994. The results of the study were positive and very encouraging. In August 2002, the palm oil biodiesel technology produced by MPOB was successfully commercialized for domestic use.

 

MPOB

MALAYSIA PALM OIL BOARD (MPOB)

MPIC is collaborating with  Malaysia Palm Oil Board (MPOB) to pioneer researches and implementation of the National Biodiesel Programme to a higher level. A special group of biodiesel researchers coordinated by  Energy & Environment Unit, Engineering & Processing Division, MPOB is conducting various RnD starting from 1986 before National Biofuel Policy and  Malaysian Biofuel Industry Act 2007 being developed.

 

BIOFUEL DIVISION SERVICES

BBA is responsible for:

(1) Review and formulate policies

Review and formulate policies related to the biofuel industry, including reviewing legislation and regulations related to the biofuel industry.

(2) Encourage industry development

Encourage the development of the biofuel industry, including providing advisory services to individuals or organizations that will venture into the biofuel industry.

(3)  Register and Issue Licenses

Register and issue licenses for activities such as building plants, producing, blending, exporting, transporting, storing, measuring and testing biofuels

(4) Regulate industry

Regulate the biofuel industry, particularly implementing enforcement involving aspects including intelligence, monitoring, arrests, operations, investigations, prosecutions and compounding

(5) Data maintenance and analysis

Record and maintain a database of information obtained from the licensing of all activities related to biofuels.

 

Gambar Biodiesel

NATIONAL BIOFUEL POLICY (NBP)

In recognition of biodiesel’s environmental and economic benefits by reducing greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions and fossil fuel dependency, the Malaysian Government launched the National Biofuels Policy (NBP) in March 2006. The policy is based on 5 cores :

  • Biofuels for transportation
  • Biofuels for industry
  • Biofuel technology
  • Biofuels for export
  • Biofuels for a cleaner environment.

The main objective of NBP development is : 

  • To reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions rate in line with the country's aspiration towards achieving the GHG emissions reduction target of 45% of GDP by 2030.
  • To expand the use of downstream palm oil products and become an initiative to increase the income of oil palm smallholders through palm oil market price control mechanisms.
  • To help reduce the country's dependence on fossil fuels as one of the energy security initiatives.

LAND TRANSPORT AND INDUSTRY

In recognition of biodiesel’s environmental and economic benefits, Malaysia has mandated biodiesel use through regulations on land transport and industry. The biodiesel programme was implemented in phases, starting with the B5 biodiesel programme (blends of 5% palm biodiesel with 95% petroleum diesel) for the land transportation sector in June 2011. The programme was later upgraded to B7 and implemented across the country in December 2014, followed by the B10 biodiesel programme in 2019.

Targeted B20 biodiesel programme implementation started in 2020, with phased nationwide rollout planned subject to infrastructure readiness. In July 2019, mandatory B7 blending was introduced for the industrial sector, with exemptions for the power generation, maritime and bunkering sectors. The B30 biodiesel programme is planned for implementation by 2030. However, the B30 biodiesel programme rollout could start earlier if sufficient technical data has been acquired. Beyond the B30 biodiesel programme, renewable hydrocarbon fuel or palm-based HVO could be introduced in future.

DEVELOPMENT OF BIOFUEL PROGRAMME IN MALAYSIA

 
PBN ImplementationWAY FORWARD FOR PALM BIODIESEL

The government will take a three-pronged approach to maximise available biodiesel production capacity and consumption for the land transport and industrial sector: growing domestic demand, expand exports, and increase competitiveness. In parallel, R&D will be undertaken, and pilot programmes will be implemented to develop solutions for Marine and Aviation biofuels.

 

BIOFUEL LICENSING

BIOFUEL LICENSING ACTIVITIES

The activities licensed as stated in Section 5 of Act 666 are as follows:

Biofuel Production Category: 

  • Commence to construct any biofuel plant or biofuel blending plant;
  • Produce any biofuel; and 
  • Blend any biofuel with any other fuel or biofuel

Biofuel Business Category:

  • Export any biofuel, biofuel blended with any other fuel or biofuel blended with any other biofuel; 
  • Store any biofuel, biofuel blended with any other fuel or biofuel blended with any other biofuel; & 
  • Transport any biofuel, biofuel blended with any other fuel or biofuel blended with any other biofuel connected with upstream activities

Biofuel Services Category:

  • Survey any biofuel, biofuel blended with any other fuel or biofuel blended with any other biofuel; and 
  • Test any biofuel, biofuel blended with any other fuel or biofuel blended with any other biofuel.

LICENSE APPLICATION PROCESS

An interested party who run any biofuel activities are required to have a valid license. License application must be made in writing to the Biofuels Division (BBA), Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities (MPIC). The applicant's company, including the new applicant, is required to submit the license application form as follows:

 

ACTIVITIES

 

Applicants are advised to fully understand the Guidelines on Biofuel Licensing to ensure that all license conditions are complied with before submitting the application form. Forms submitted electronically or faxs will be reviewed in advance by the secretariat. If the application submitted is complete, the original application form must be printed, and signed by the applicant.

Applicants are also required to submit any further documents or information required by the secretariat if requested to do so. Applications will be reviewed based on prescribed application criteria as well as the application form checklist.

Applications must be submitted in hard copy to MPIC through the following address

 

Under Secretary
Biofuel Division

Ministry of Plantation and Commodities
No. 15, Level 5-13,
Persiaran Perdana,
Precint 2,
62654 Putrajaya, MALAYSIA

Fax: 03-8887 8354
E-mel: bba [@]mpic.gov.my

The License Application Form can be downloaded here :

 

Aid, Fund & Incentives

Biofuel Industry Act

The Malaysian Biofuel Industry Act 2007 (Act 666) is a legal instrument to regulate the country's biofuel industry and provides for the mandatory use of biofuels, licensing of activities related to biofuels and related matters.

Standards

  • MS123-1:2014 (B7 Euro 2M)
  • MS123-1:2018 (B10 Euro 2M)
  • MS123-3:2016 (B7 Euro 5)
  • MS123-4:2020 (B20 Euro 2M)
  • MS123-5:2020 (B20 Euro 5)

Regulations

Regulations under the Malaysian Biofuel Industry Act 2007 (Act 666) are as follows:

Garis Panduan

  • Garis Panduan Permohonan Lesen
  • Garis Panduan Pengecualian Biobahan Api

GARIS PANDUAN PELESENAN BIOBAHAN API DI BAWAH AKTA INDUSTRI BIOBAHAN API MALAYSIA 2007 (AKTA 666)

Garis Panduan Pelesenan Biobahan Api adalah bertujuan untuk memberikan panduan dan pemakluman syarat lesen kepada mana-mana pihak yang berminat untuk menjalankan aktiviti biobahan api sepertimana yang tertakluk di dalam Akta Industri Biobahan Api 2007 - Akta 666. Pemohon diwajibkan untuk memenuhi kriteria- kriteria yang yang ditetapkan sebelum sesuatu lesen diluluskan oleh Pihak Berkuasa Pelesenan Biobahan Api.

Dokumen berkaitan Permohonan Lesen Biobahan Api boleh dimuat turun di :

  • GARIS PANDUAN PERMOHONAN LESEN
  • KRITERIA-KRITERIA PERMOHONAN LESEN AKTIVITI BIOBAHAN API

GARIS PANDUAN PERMOHONAN PENGECUALIAN PENGGUNAAN ADUNAN BIOBAHAN API DI BAWAH AKTA INDUSTRI BIOBAHAN API MALAYSIA 2007 (AKTA 666)

Garis Panduan Pengecualian Penggunaan Adunan Biobahan Api ini terpakai kepada mana-mana orang atau golongan orang atau apa-apa aktiviti atau golongan aktiviti yang menggunakan adunan biobahan api dengan bahan api lain dalam menjalankan apa-apa aktiviti yang menggunakan mesin, jentera, dandang atau sebarang peralatan berenjin diesel.

Borang Permohonan yang telah lengkap diisi dan ditandatangani perlu dikemukakan kepada urus setia JKPBBA sama ada secara serahan tangan, elektronik atau faks ke alamat, alamat e-mel atau nombor faks seperti yang berikut:

Setiausaha Bahagian
Bahagian Biobahan Api

Ministry of Plantation and Commodities
No. 15, Level 5-13,
Persiaran Perdana,
Precint 2,
62654 Putrajaya, MALAYSIA

Faks: 03-8887 8354
E-mel:

Dokumen berkaitan Permohonan Pengecualian Penggunaan Biobahan Api boleh dimuat turun di

Training

  • Konsultasi/ Khidmat Nasihat
  • Bakal Pelabur/ Pelabur Baharu (Tempatan/ Luar Negara)
  • On-site Services (MPOB)
  • Analytical Services (MPOB) 
  • Rujukan:
  • Publication
  • TOT
  • Patent
  • FAQ

INDUSTRY PERFORMANCE 

Prestasi Industri Biobahan Api 2021

STAKEHOLDERS

 

Stakeholders Biofuel Industries

Frequently Ask Questions

(A) Umum (General)

What is biodiesel?

Palm biodiesel is an environment friendly fuel that can be used as a diesel substitute. It can be chemically produced from vegetable oils and animal fats. In Malaysia, biodiesel is produced from palm oil and is known as palm biodiesel.

What is the difference between palm biodiesel and petroleum diesel?

Palm biodiesel is a renewable energy source whereas petroleum diesel is a finite energy source. 

What are the types of diesel sold at retail stations?

There are two types of diesel sold at stations which are Euro 2M (black nozzle) and Euro5 (blue nozzle). Diesel can be blended with palm biodiesel in ratios of 7% (B7), 10% (B10) and 20% (B20). When the B20 programme is implemented by phases, B10 diesel will be replaced by B20 diesel.

Are there other countries that use diesel blended with biodiesel?

The Europen Union, United States of America (Minnesota), Indonesia, Thailand, Colombia, Argentina, Brazil and other countries have started using diesel blended with biodiesel since the early 2000s. Indonesia had implemented the B20 programme since 2016 and B30 beginning 2020.

(B) Biodiesel Programme in Malaysia

What is the biodiesel implementation plan?

The B5 Programme was implemented in the transportation sector in June 2011 and followed by the B7 Programme in December 2014. The B10 Programme was implemented in the transportation sector in February 2019 and the B7 Programme for industrial sector in July 2019. The B20 Programme for the transportation sector is being implemented by phases throughout Malaysia starting January 2020.

What are the efforts by the Government to achieve renewable energy targets through the biodiesel programme?

The National Biofuel Policy was launched in 2006 and the Malaysian Biofuel Industry Act 2007 (Act 666) was enacted on 1 August 2008 to meet the country's renewable energy target. The implementation of the B20 Programme is also in line with the National Automotive Policy (NAP) under the Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) that only allows diesel vehicles compatible with 20% biodiesel blend sold in Malaysia beginning January 2020.

(C) Environment

Is palm biodiesel sustainably produced?

Yes. Palm biodiesel is produced from palm oil that adopts good agricultural practices and sustainably certified (e.g. Malaysian Sustainable Palm Oil – MSPO). Most palm biodiesel producers are also certified under International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC).

What are the advantages of using palm biodiesel?

Scientific studies have proven that palm biodiesel usage can reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Besides that, palm biodiesel has a higher cetane number which contributes to cleaner exhaust emissions. Palm biodiesel has almost zero sulphur content which reduces the sulphur dioxide gas emissions that causes acid rain.

What is the environmental impact of B20?  

The implementation of the B20 programme in the transport sector will help in mitigating greenhouse gas emissions which is equivalent to removing 20% vehicle exhaust emissions of the total road diesel vehicles annually. This in turn will improve air quality in heavy traffic areas.

 

(D) Technical 

Does original engine manufacturer (OEM) give engine warranty when using B20?

The Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA) supports the use of B20. Trial results from MPOB and thorough studies by JAMA have shown that B20 is compatible with diesel engines. As an alternative, Euro5 B7 is available at certain retail stations. Consumers could get further information from their respective OEMs if needed.

Can a diesel vehicle that is currently using B7/B10 change back to using B20 at any time?

Yes. B7/B10 diesel and B20 can be used alternately in all diesel vehicles with no problems. 

Is there a reduction of vehicle service interval and maintenance when using B20?

Field trials with 35 MPOB vehicles, three (3) FGV Transport Services Sdn Bhd vehicles and 15 local municipal council vehicles have shown that B20 does not reduce the vehicle service interval and maintenance and no problems has been reported until today. Consumers can get further information from their respective OEMs if needed.

Hubungi Kami

Sebarang pertanyaan boleh emelkan kepada:

Setiausaha Bahagian Biobahan Api
Bahagian Biobahan Api (BBA)

Ministry of Plantation and Commodities
No. 15, Level 5-13,
Persiaran Perdana,
Precint 2,
62654 Putrajaya, MALAYSIA

Emel : lesenbba [@] mpic.gov.my


SITI NORMAZLINA BINTI AZAM
Kementerian Perladangan dan  Komoditi
Kementerian Industri Utama
03-8887 8352

KHAIROL NIZAM BIN ASRI
Bahagian Biobahan Api (BBA)
Kementerian Perladangan dan Komoditi
03-8880 3389

Info - Biobahan Api :

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  • Berita Terkini
  • Infografik
  • Statistik perdagangan
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